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Squamous cell carcinoma

Cancer that begins in squamous cells. Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that look like fish scales, and are found in the tissue that forms the surface of the skin, the lining of the hollow organs of the body, and the lining of the respiratory and digestive tracts. Most cancers of the anus, cervix, head […]

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Recurrent [cancer]

Cancer that has recurred (come back), usually after a period of time during which the cancer could not be detected. The cancer may come back to the same place as the original (primary) tumor or to another place in the body. Also called recurrence. […]

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Monoclonal antibody (mAb)

A type of protein that is made in the laboratory and can bind to certain targets in the body, such as antigens on the surface of cancer cells. There are many kinds of monoclonal antibodies, and each monoclonal antibody is made so that it binds to only one antigen. Monoclonal antibodies are being used in […]

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A protein that is made by B cells and plasma cells (types of white blood cells) and helps the body fight infection. Some immunoglobulins may be found in higher than normal amounts in people with certain conditions or certain types of cancer. Measuring the amount of specific immunoglobulins in the blood and urine may help […]

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HGF/cMET pathway

A pathway implicated as an escape mechanism for epidermal growth factor receptor, or EGFR, blockade. Blocking this pathway may allow an EGFR inhibitor to continue working if resistance develops. […]

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Hepatocyte growth factor, part of a signaling pathway that contributes to resistance to certain types of anticancer drugs. (See HGF/CMET pathway.) […]

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